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Anemia|Anemia symptoms|Causes of anemia|Anemia treatment

Anemia or what is also called low hemoglobin level. A shortage of sound red blood cells in the blood is the main cause of it. These balls carry oxygen to the body's tissues.

Anemia | Anemia symptoms | Anemia treatment | Causes of anemia

The causes are many and varied, which we will talk about today in detail. Also covered are how to avoid it, as well as the causes and symptoms.

At the end of the article, we will offer you natural and safe solutions to get rid of the problem.

What's anemia mean?

It's a decrease in one of the measures of red blood cells, which includes the following:

Decreased hematocrit

It is the percentage of the volume of RBCs in the total volume of blood.

Red blood cell count

It is the number of red blood cells present in a certain volume of blood.

Decreased hemoglobin concentration

It is the amount of primary hemoglobin that carries oxygen in the blood.

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Now, what is hemoglobin? 

Hemoglobin is a protein rich in iron and red in color. It is present in the red blood cells of human blood.

And it carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Then it returns carbon dioxide to the lungs.

Each component, which comprises four protein molecules, is referred to as a globulin. They carry iron particles inside.

Additionally, oxygen and carbon dioxide are carried by hemoglobin to the lungs. To get it out of the body.

It also produces most of the blood cells, including red blood cells, in the bone marrow. It must be known that the average cell life is between 110 and 120 days. 

What are low hemoglobin causes?


Diabetes and cancer.

Donate blood regularly.

Impaired thyroid gland functions and secretions.

Not eating foods that contain an adequate amount of iron.

Infection with some diseases such as diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Not taking vitamins and supplements, especially during pregnancy and lactation.

What is the percentage of normal hemoglobin in the blood?

Age-dependent, then gender-dependent, beginning in adolescence. Normally, the proportion is higher in men than in women.

Adult males: 14 to 18 grams/deciliter.

Adult females: 12 to 16 grams/dL.

Males after middle age: 12.4 to 14.9 grams/dL.

Females after middle age: 11.7–13.8 g/dL.

Pregnant women: 11–12 grams/dL.

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Other values for the hemoglobin percentage

Other categories differ in hemoglobin percentage. This is due to lifestyle factors, genetics, or inherited values:


Hematocrit values are higher for smokers than for non-smokers. It is difficult to identify because it does not show up during medical testing.

Highland people 

People who live at high altitudes from sea levels have higher hemoglobin levels.


Their hemoglobin values are 0.5–1.0 g/dL lower than the accepted values. 

The athletes 

They have different normal values than the generally accepted normal values.

Causes of anemia



Aspirin therapy

Esophageal varices

Colon and stomach cancer

Gastric and duodenal ulcers

The presence of fibroids in the uterus

Anemia is more common in women than in men. Due to the amount of blood lost during menstruation and childbirth. Also, during pregnancy, a low red blood cell count may occur. 

It can also occur during labor and delivery. It can be treated by taking iron, folic acid, and vitamin B12-rich supplements.

Anemia is a rare case among men due to the absence of natural causes for this condition.

And men's lack of iron means something more serious, such as colon cancer.

To avoid the symptoms of anemia, it is recommended to provide the body with iron daily.

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Severe anemia symptoms

The beginning of the anemia is so small that it cannot be noticed. But over time, the problem gets worse and clear symptoms begin to appear. And this is when the disease progresses quickly.

But if the progression of the disease is slow, the symptoms do not appear clearly. This is because the body is accustomed to the new position.

1- Pale or yellow skin due to anemia

Pale skin, particularly in the inner area of the lower eyelid, is a common symptom of iron deficiency. 

Hemoglobin gives the red blood cells their red color. These handles give the skin its healthy pink color.

When hemoglobin production decreases, this may give the skin a sallow appearance.

Or the pallor may appear clearly in certain areas of the body only. Such as the gums, the inner area of the lips and eyelids, or even the nails.

Pale skin is one of the symptoms of moderate or severe anemia.

2- Skin and hair dryness and weakness

One of the signs of iron deficiency is dry, weak hair and dry skin. This is due to the body pushing a small amount of oxygen due to a lack of iron. 

That the blood carries to the most important organs inside the body. That's away from the hair and skin. And when the oxygen that reaches the hair and skin decreases, this causes them to dry out and become weak. 

And in some severe cases, this may cause hair loss. If hair falls out in large amounts during the day, this may mean an iron deficiency.

3- Shortness of breath

When the levels of oxygen-carrying hemoglobin drop throughout the body. This means that your tissues and muscles do not get enough oxygen to carry out even light activities. 

What makes you feel tired, for example, when you walk. This causes acceleration and shortness of breath. As a result of the body's attempt to get enough oxygen.

4- Vertigo, dizziness, or headache due to anemia

Iron deficiency may cause a headache. But it is not a common symptom like the previous ones. Also, if it occurs, it is usually associated with dizziness and lightheadedness.

This occurs as a result of not getting enough oxygen to the brain. What causes swelling in the blood vessels in the brain. And thus putting some pressure on it, which results in a headache.

If these bouts of headache and dizziness are frequent and close in frequency. It could be a symptom of an iron deficiency.

5- Rapid and irregular heart palpitations

One of the signs of iron deficiency and anemia is heart palpitations. A shortage of hemoglobin, which transports oxygen, may result in the following:

• An irregular or fast pulse

• In extreme circumstances, cardiac hypertrophy or heart failure

• Making the heart work twice as hard to compensate for a lack of oxygen

6-Extreme exhaustion, and weakness due to anemia

One of the most common symptoms of iron deficiency is fatigue. Appears in about half of the infected, and fatigue appears as a result of:

• The heart needs to work twice as hard to transport the oxygen-carrying blood to all parts of the body.

• The tissues and muscles do not get the oxygen and energy they need. which is usually carried by hemoglobin.

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7- Cracking around the mouth

This is a less common sign of iron deficiency. Nails generally appear weak and are easy to crack and break. 

In advanced stages of iron deficiency, the nails may take the shape of a spoon. And they are concave in the middle, and their edges are curved upward.

8- Swelling and burning in the mouth and tongue

Sometimes, a quick look inside your mouth can help you tell if you are anemic and iron deficient. You may notice a swollen, sore, or pale tongue. Or being abnormally smooth, which is a symptom of iron deficiency.

9- Restless Legs Syndrome due to anemia

Researchers associate iron deficiency with restless legs syndrome. It is a condition that makes a person constantly want to move his feet while he is in a resting position. It may also cause a kind of annoying itchy feeling in the feet.

Restless legs syndrome gets especially bad during the night. This could prevent the patient from getting enough sleep at night.

Yet, the causes of this syndrome are not completely known. But, a quarter of cases are related to anemia. And the more severe the anemia, the more severe the restless leg syndrome.

Other reasons for anemia

Chest pains.

Cold hands and feet.

Myocardial infarction.

Difficulty concentrating.

Changes in cognitive status.

Cravings for non-food items such as ice, paint, or clay.

Ease of breaking the nails and changing their shape, as they become like a spoon.

Increased exposure to infections as a result of a weak immune system due to an iron deficiency.

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Types of anemia

The type of anemia often differs according to the cause that led to it. Here is a list of some types of anemia as follows:

1. Fe deficiency anemia

 This type is caused by low levels of iron in the body. The bone marrow needs to get enough iron to be able to produce and process hemoglobin.

What causes low iron?

• Donate blood.

• Heavy menstruation

• Take some medications.

• Excessive intake of caffeine

• A poor diet with iron sources

• Chemotherapy-induced anemia

• Some gastrointestinal problems

• Anemia during labor and delivery

• Iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy

• Low red blood cell count during pregnancy

• Heavy external bleeding or slow internal bleeding

2. Anemia resulting from a deficiency of vitamins

This type may result from a deficiency in some types of vitamins in the body. Such as vitamin B12 and folate.

3. Hemolytic anemia

It is possible that hemolytic anemia arises as a result of some genetic or acquired diseases. Which may cause an imbalance in the body that leads to the production of deformed red blood cells.

And is unable to perform its functions normally. These deformed cells usually die within a short time after they are produced.

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4. Sickle cell anemia

Sickle cell anemia is often caused by a hemoglobin abnormality in the blood. This defect is either in the composition or quality of the hemoglobin that is produced. Or in the ability of hemoglobin to perform its normal functions.

5. Anemia caused by other illnesses

In some cases, anemia may be the result of some chronic disease. Which may cause an imbalance in the production of hormones needed by the body. That's to produce red blood cells in sufficient quantities.

Here are some of the diseases that can cause anemia:


• Cancer

• Diabetes

•Kidney disease


•Rheumatoid Arthritis

6. Pernicious anemia

That occurs when the bone marrow fails to produce an adequate number of various blood cells. This includes red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

7. Rare types of anemia

Here is a list of some rare types of anemia, which are less common than the types mentioned above:

•Sideroblastic Anemia

•Fanconi Anemia

•Diamond-Blackfan Anemia

What is a normal iron level?

The normal level of iron in the blood is determined by conducting a serum iron analysis. These normal proportions vary according to gender and age, so the results appear as follows:

• The normal blood iron level for men: is 65-175 micrograms/dl.

• The normal level of iron in the blood for women: is 50 - 170 micrograms / dL.

• The normal blood iron level for children: is 50-120 micrograms/deciliter.

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When is anemia dangerous?

It occurs when the bone marrow fails to produce an adequate number of various blood cells.

First, the type of anemia and the diseases that cause it

If you are wondering when anemia is dangerous, First, you need to know the type of anemia that occurs. because some blood types are more dangerous than others. 

Aplastic anemia

This type is also called bone marrow failure. usually occurs when the bone marrow is damaged for some reason. Thus, it is unable to produce red blood cells as usual.

And the cause of damage to the bone marrow may be one of the following:

1. Pregnancy.
2. Autoimmune diseases.
3. Cancer treatments.
4. Chemical exposure.

Severe thalassemia

Thalassemia is a genetic disease. In which the body does not produce enough hemoglobin. This adversely affects the production of red blood cells in the body.

Myelodysplastic syndrome

This type of disease causes the cells responsible for the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow to be unable to do so normally. 

Which reduces the number of produced cells. What is produced from them is usually defective.

This type of disease usually falls within the classification of cancerous diseases. With time, it may turn into a type of blood cancer.

Fanconi anemia

This rare condition is hereditary. The patient suffers from a defect in the bone marrow and its ability to produce healthy blood cells. It may also cause physical deformities or imbalances in various areas of the body, such as:

1. Barrenness

2. Hearing loss

3. Birth with a damaged kidney

4. Abnormalities in the skeleton

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Complementing the answer to the question, "When is anemia dangerous"

It is worth mentioning that anemia can also be dangerous. If it is associated with these conditions and diseases:

1. Hemolytic anemia

2. Sickle cell anemia

3. Anemia of Masoretic origin

4. PNH (paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinopathy).

Second, complications associated with and timing of treatment

If the patient does not get the right anemia treatment at the right time. Here, anemia may be really serious and life-threatening. Here are some serious long-term complications of anemia:

• Excessive tiredness that prevents the patient from carrying out routine everyday activities.

• Problems and complications in the heart. It may cause heart palpitations and heart failure. Over time or with heart enlargement.

• Pregnancy problems. Specifically, during pregnancy, It may cause the premature birth of the baby. Or other dangerous issues.

Which of these would explain when anemia is dangerous?

• Constant depression and a bad mood.

• Increased chances of various infections.

• Problems in growth, especially in children.

• Death if the anemia is related to some serious disease. Or if the type of anemia is one of the more serious types.

For example, sickle cell anemia. The anemia here may eventually cause the patient's death.

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When should you see a doctor?

See a doctor if you feel fatigued for no apparent reason. There are many reasons for fatigue, including anemia. So don't assume that if you're stressed, you must be anemic.
Some people discover their hemoglobin level is low, which is an indication of anemia. That's when they donate blood. 
See your doctor if you've been told you can't donate because of low hemoglobin.

Factors that increase the risk of developing anemia

The diet

Lack of specific vitamins and minerals in the diet. Such as iron, vitamin B-12, folate, and copper.

Bowel disturbances

Bowel disorders affect the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. Like Crohn's disease and celiac disease.


Menstruation causes the loss of red blood cells. This puts women who have not reached menopause at a higher risk of anemia.


If you are pregnant and are not taking a multivitamin that includes folic acid and iron, you should start. You are at risk of iron deficiency anemia during pregnancyThis is due to low iron in pregnancy.

Chronic cases

If you have cancer, kidney failure, or another chronic disease. The risk of developing chronic anemia is increased. You are also exposed to chemotherapy-induced anemia

Slow and chronic blood loss from an ulcer or other source inside your body

This will deplete your body's stores of iron. This leads to iron-deficiency anemia.

Genetic factors

If your family has a history of inherited anemia, such as sickle cell anemia. You may be at greater risk for this disease.

Other factors

Having a history of certain infections, and blood diseases. And an autoimmune disorder increases your risk of anemia. 

Alcohol abuse and exposure to toxic chemicals can also affect it. And the use of some medicines to produce red blood cells. leading to anemia.

The age

People over the age of 65 are at a higher risk of developing anemia.

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Prevention of anemia

Many types are preventable. You can avoid iron deficiency anemia and vitamin deficiency anemia.

By eating foods that contain necessary vitamins. Such as iron, folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin C.

Also, keep eating iron-rich foods, especially for certain groups. Such as children, pregnant women, vegetarians, and menstruating girls.

To be comforted and to prevent anemia. General blood tests should be performed once every few years. According to the family doctor's advice.


Avoid items that may inhibit iron absorption if consumed in significant quantities. Coffee, and tea, for example.

Take iron supplements (only if prescribed by your doctor).

Eat foods that are rich in:


Beef, beans, lentils, and nuts are all high in iron. Breakfast cereals are high in iron, dark green leafy vegetables, and dried fruit.


Folic acid, a synthetic version of this vitamin, is available. Fruits, fruit juices, and dark green leafy vegetables are high in vitamin C. Pistachios, green and red peas.

B-12 vitamin

Meat and dairy products are high in vitamin B-12. and fortified grains, as well as soybean products.

Vitamin C

Fruits and citrus drinks are good sources of vitamin C. Tomatoes, peppers, broccoli (cauliflower greens), strawberries, and melons. These are also beneficial to iron absorption.

Eat eggs, grape molasses, date molasses, molasses, and molasses (molasses). Apple, turnip, celery molasses, honey, and fig. Consume ginger as well. Pregnant women and girls are prohibited during the menstrual period.

You can also consult with your doctor to develop a treatment plan.

Treating anemia

Treat anemia associated with chronic diseases

There is no particular treatment for this type of anemia.

Aplastic anemia treatment

It's treated with intravenous blood administration. To raise the number of red blood cells in the body.

Treatment of anemia caused by a bone marrow disease

It's treated with chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation.

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Treatment of hemolytic anemia

Treatment for this condition includes taking drugs that suppress the immune system. Which attacks red blood cells.

Treatment for sickle cell anemia

Treatment of this type includes monitoring. And monitoring the levels of oxygen in the body, and taking pain relievers.

 Iron deficiency anemia treatment

Some simple home recipes to permanently eliminate this problem:

Yogurt mixed with coriander

For each cup of yogurt, add a teaspoon of dried and ground coriander. Preferably taken on an empty stomach daily. It can be taken once a day.

Yogurt mixed with cumin

For each cup of yogurt, add a teaspoon of dried and ground cumin. Preferably taken on an empty stomach daily. It can be taken once a day.

Fig recipe

 If you make this recipe, the body will greatly benefit from it in a quick time. The dried figs are soaked in water from night till morning.

In the morning we eat 3 figs and drink fig infusion. As well as in the afternoon and evening. This recipe is very good for eliminating anemia.

But we must be careful and not overeat figs. 3 pills are enough at one time.

If you want a faster and stronger effect. You can eat fig molasses, date molasses, or treacle.

 Beet recipe

Beets are very rich in iron, manganese, calcium, and folate. Making it one of the best natural remedies for anemia. Not only that, but it also plays a very big role in expelling liver toxins.

To learn how to clean liver toxins, Here.

American and European scientists have proven that eating 2 cups of raw beetroot juice on an empty stomach is. For 20 consecutive days, the iron levels in the blood improve. 

With continuity, anemia will be eliminated permanently. Also, three days before menstruation, you should drink beetroot juice.

And during the first three days of menses. This makes your blood never decrease. And the incidence of anemia is almost difficult.

As for lactating women and pregnant women, it is preferable to consult a doctor.

The banana

Whether it is green or mature, it contains a huge amount of iron. Also contains potassium and vitamin C.

Which helps to generate red blood cells. But it must be consumed in moderation. 3 times a day each time eating one banana.

Black sesame

Black sesame is very good for anemia. If it is not available, you can eat ordinary sesame, as it is very close to black sesame.

Black sesame contains iron and folic acid. Also, it contains calcium and manganese. Which makes it one of the best options for the eradication of anemia.

Raisin and dates mix

But Muslims must ensure that they are not forbidden to eat it. But it is possible to eat each one separately, but it will be a difference of hours.

(After research, it was proven that the fermentation limit should not be soaked. But if it is fresh, there is no problem and it is not intoxicating. But you must ask before eating this recipe).

If you want a medical, cosmetic, or fitness course, just contact us.

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